Alexandre Kojève (). Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. Source: Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, Basic Books, ; the final chapter only. INTRODUCTION TO THE READING OF HEGEL LECTURES ON THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF SPIRIT ALEXANDRE KOJEVE During the years the. among contemporary left Hegelians none has been so influential as. Alexandre Kojeve, whose brilliant Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. ()’ is viewed as .

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Therefore, the human being can be formed only oojeve at least two of these Desires confront one another. The slave’s ideological struggle is to overcome his own fear of death and take-up struggle against the ‘master’, demanding the recognition of his value and freedom.

Introduction to the Reading of Hegel

He may perhaps talk about the thing, but he will never talk about himself; in his discourse, the word “I” will not occur. For exam- ple, he renders Moment, Sein in one of its meaningsand Wesen as ilement-constitutif, itre-donne, and realite-essentielle; these interpretations are maintained in the English as “constituent-ele- ment,” “given-being,” and introductioh.

The first of these Slave’s ideologies is Stoicism. Find it on Scholar. Therefore, it is indeed the originally dependent, serving, and slavish Consciousness that in the end realizes and reveals the t of autonomous Self -Consciousness and is thus its “truth.

He continued to write philosophy over these years, including works on the pre-Socratics, Kant, the concept of right, the temporal dimensions of philosophical wisdom, the relationship between Christianity and both Western science and communism, and the development of capitalism.

And thus in the long run, all slavish work realizes not the Master’s will, but the will — at first unconscious — of the Slave, who — finally — succeeds where the Master — necessarily — fails. At the beginning of this History, which ends finally in absolute Knowledge, there are, so to speak, the necessary and sufficient conditions. Work is Time, and that is why it necessarily exists in time: A hostile critic has given an accurate assessment of Kojeve’s influence: There- fore, the I, or the pseudo-I, realized by the active satisfaction of this Desire, is just as natural, biological, material, as that toward which the Desire and the Action are directed.


But what interests me above all is that I am a philosopher, able to reveal the definitive truth, and hence endowed with an absolute Knowledge— that is, a universally and eternally valid Knowedge.

This page was last edited on 7 Decemberat I shall not repeat what he says there.

Kojève, Alexandre | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

And according to Hegel, only action carried out in another’s rexding is Work Arbeit in the proper sense of the word: An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers. Certainly, he must have said to himself, “I am a thinking being. Hence he asserted, long before the final collapse of the Soviet empire, that the Cold War would end in the triumph of the capitalist West, achieved through economic rather than military means.

Now, koneve risk of life is the same at all times and in all places.

Alexandre Kojève (1902—1968)

As long as he lives, therefore, he never attains the freedom that introductoon raise him above the given World. The Master can never detach himself from the World in which he lives, and if this World perishes, he perishes with it.

Lectures on the Philosophy of Spirit Hegel looks at the Real and describes what he sees, everything that he sees, and nothing but what he sees. Hence, he depends on that other.

Full text of “KOJEVE introduction to the reading of (PDFy mirror)”

To be sure, there is no human existence without Benvusstsein, without Consciousness of the external world. On the other, when he has consequently become Master, it is as Master that he must desire to be recognized; and he can be recognized as such only by making the Other his Slave. The Master, on the other hand, is free; his idea of Freedom is not abstract.


But his certainty is not yet knowledge. The Animal raises itself above the Nature that is negated in its animal Desire only to fall back into it immediately by the satisfaction of this Desire. Hegel takes care, moreover, to underline this in the Note that follows the passage cited. The Kojrve of Postmodern Politics. It introductikn easily seen that both [expressions signify] the same thing. Politics Between Abundance and Lack.

Therefore, he is not subjectively certain of his Being-for- itself as of a truth [or of a revealed objective reality].

Marx thought that the immiseration of workers under 19 th century capitalism would worsen as the kojvee of market competition would lead to ever-more brutal extraction of surplus from workers’ labor, in attempt to offset the falling rate of profit.

Thus the Master’s existence can remain exclusively war- like: The form [the idea or project conceived by the Consciousness]by being established outside [of the Conscious- ness, by being introduced — through work — into the objective reality of the World], does not become, for the [working] Con- sciousness, ihtroduction other-entity than it.

Now, what is the I of Desire— the I of a hungry man, for example— but an emptiness greedy for content; an emptiness that wants to be filled by what is full, to be filled by emptying this fullness, to put itself— koheve it is filled— in the place of this fullness, to occupy with its fullness the emptiness caused by overcoming the fullness that was not its own?