generalmente recomendará obturar la cavidad con un empaste “blanco” del color del diente o reforzar el diente con incrustaciones dentales inlay u onlay. Many translated example sentences containing “inlays and onlays” Las incrustaciones inlay y onlay requieren menos reducción dentaria que los empastes. Las incrustaciones dentales onlays y en District Heights, MD y Hyattsville, MD y Un inlay es similar a la de llenado convencional y se utiliza ya sea como.

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Reducing the patients risk of further disease prior to treatment provides predictable results and helps prevent further restorative procedures. The restoration is firstly removed and then the cavity can be converted by ensuring any undercuts are eliminated from the preparation.

The onlay allows for conservation of tooth structure when the only alternative is to totally eliminate cusps and perimeter walls for restoration with a crown. There are no obvious contrast between the two. For tooth preparation, firstly start with occlusal reduction which depending on the restorative material being used can range from 0.

Just as inlays, onlays are fabricated outside of the mouth and are typically made out of gold or porcelain. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Incrustacoones.

Instead, the tooth preparation is coated with a layer of separating material such as glycerin first. Onlays are indicated when there is a need to protect weakened tooth structure without additional removal of tooth tissue unlike a crown, e.

Inlays and onlays

The container, or casting cylinder, is then placed in a furnace to burn out the wax and what is left is a hollow shape ready for molten metal to be poured into. This is an alternative to a direct restorationmade out of composite, amalgam or glass ionomerthat is built up within the mouth.

The process of preparation and cementation of an inlay or onlay is usually carried out over two appointments, with the preparation being carried out during the first appointment and cementation at the second.

Alternative materials such as porcelain were first described being used for inlays back in Inlays and onlays are used in molars or premolars, when the tooth has experienced too much damage to support a basic filling, but not so much damage that a crown is necessary. The metal can be melted using either gas and compressed air, gas and oxygen or electric arc.


After the tooth has been prepared at the first visit a putty and wash impression should be taken of the prepared tooth to be sent to the laboratory for fabrication of the indirect restoration.

This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat This technique is only applicable when composite is used as the restorative material. Incrustacionew may be caused by plaque retentive features of the incruxtaciones, or if the restoration is poorly bonded to the tooth. Occlusal forces are greater on molars when compared to premolars. Then, a composite restoration is built up directly on the preparation, allowing it to take the shape of the cavity.

Although improvements of the composite resins could be achieved in the last years, solid inlays do exclude this problem.

Due to the more in-depth curing method, using heat, pressure or strong light, this can have a lower polymerisation shrinkage. The investment material must produce enough expansion to compensate for shrinkage of the metal on solidification and should be slightly porous to allow for dissipation of released gases. However, for indirect restorations using gold then the preparation shape must have parallel walls as most the retention is gained from the cavity shape.

Digital impressions enable production of highly accurate models whilst eliminating patient discomfort. Uses authors parameter Commons category link is on Wikidata. In dentistry, inlays and onlays are a form of indirect restoration. Retrieved from incrustacilnes https: If a cuspal coverage onlay is required porcelain should be used as cuspal coverage with composite is contraindicated.

It can be easily repaired or modified as composite can bond to existing material. The key comparison between them is the amount and part of the tooth that they cover. This allows for inlays and onlays to be created and fitted all within one appointment. In this case, this is a beneficial character as it helps us to identify the presence of an undercut which then can be removed. Inlays and Onlays are contraindicated in patients with parafunctional habits and heavy occlusal forces.

Incrustaciones by Alfonso Ibarra on Prezi

Applied dental materials 9th ed. Compared to ceramic [34] and gold [35] inlays and onlays, composite can provide similar advantages, but a comparison of the longevity of composite is unknown. However, this might be only the case for gold. Sometimes, a tooth is planned to be restored with an intracoronal restorationbut the decay or fracture is so extensive that a direct restorationsuch as amalgam or compositewould compromise the structural integrity of the restored tooth or provide substandard opposition to occlusal i.


Composite inlays and onlays offer great aesthetics, as a combination of different shades and opacities can be used in a layering technique, equalling inrustaciones surpassing the aesthetically pleasing all-ceramic restoration. Composite inlays are incrustaxiones by polymerisation shrinkage.

The use of gold as a restorative material for the production of inlays and onlays is fading due to the increase in usage of more aesthetically pleasing tooth coloured materials. Luting cements can have a low modulus or a high modulus. However, ceramic used as a restorative material without metal reinforcement have reduced strength and more prone to failure.

This can lead to shrinkage stress and rarely to marginal gaps and failure. Whereas an onlay will involve one or more cusps being covered. Gold has many advantages as a restorative material, including high strength and ductility, making it ideal to withstand the masticatory forces put upon the teeth. While short term studies come to inconsistent conclusions, a respectable number of long-term studies detect no significantly lower failure rates of ceramic [4] or composite [5] inlays compared to composite direct fillings.

For technique 1, a wax pattern is designed on the die from the cast impressions and for technique 2 the wax is packed into the tooth preparation in the mouth and adapted the shape of the cavity. Young children may be unable to cope with invasive dental treatment and long procedures, therefor it is advantageous to wait until they are fully cooperative.

All of the benefits of an inlay are present in the onlay restoration. There are a few methods of fabricating inlays and onlays, depending on the restorative material used.

Indirect restorations are contraindicated in patients under 16 as the pulp chamber is still large and wide dentinal tubules increase the stress on the pulp. Views Read Edit View history. When decay or fracture incorporate areas of a tooth that make amalgam or composite restorations inadequate, such as cuspal fracture or remaining tooth structure that undermines perimeter walls of a tooth, an onlay might be indicated.

Int J Comput Dent.