Aceración con Hornos Básicos de Oxígeno La refinación del arrabio en el proceso BOF o aceración al oxígeno se lleva a cabo en un recipiente que asemeja. Horno Básico de OxígenoUNIDAD 6 Horno Siemens Martin. Convertidor de Soplado Nariz (N) Lanza de Oxigeno (L) Cintur. The basic oxygen furnace (BOF), whose profile is shown in the figure, is a tiltable vessel lined with refractories such as magnesia carbon brick. Auxiliary.

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Today, with more operating experience, better computer models, more attention to metallic input quality, and the availability of ladle furnaces that adjust for temperature, turndown control is more consistent.

Proceso de oxigeno básico by carlos diaz on Prezi

However, the daily output of remotely located charcoal blast furnaces was very low. Although it is possible to operate BOFs with reduced hot metal charges, i. Companies are being continually acquired and the total number of North American suppliers is greatly reduced.

Since the BOS process increases productivity by almost an order of magnitude, generally only two BOFs were required to replace a dozen open hearth furnaces. These were eroded to form a basic slag that absorbed phosphorus and sulfur, although the amounts remained high by modern standards.

Contratista EPC 5-150 t básica oxígeno industrial horno fusorio BOF

Typically a fabric collector, or baghouse, is use for the collection of these fugitive emissions. These properties are directly related to the purity and crystal sizes of the starting ingredients as well as the manufacturing process.


During refining, the refractories are exposed to a variety of slag conditions ranging from 1 to 4 basicity uorno silicon is oxidizes from the bath and combines with lime. There exist several variations on the BOS process: Unlike the open hearth, the BOF operation is conducted almost “in the dark” using mimics and screens to determine vessel inclination, additions, lance height, oxygen flow etc.

Steel burns through the plug immediately. After the war, the Germans were denied the right to manufacture tonnage oxygen, but oxygen plants were shipped to other countries. Despite its high cost, oxygen was used in Europe to a limited extent in the ‘s to enrich the air blast for blast furnaces and Thomas converters. The amount of lime charged depends on the Si content of the hot metal.

BOS process replaced open hearth steelmaking. Development now moved to neighboring Austria where developers wanted to produce low nitrogen, flat-rolled sheet, but a shortage of scrap precluded open hearth operations. A lump of soft burned lime gof quickly in a cup of water liberating heat.

The process was acknowledged as a breakthrough technically but the timing, scale, and economics were wrong for the time. There are two interesting historical footnotes to the original Bessemer story: The new process was officially dubbed the “LD Process” and because of its high productivity was seen globally as a viable, low horo process by which the war oxiveno countries of Europe could rebuild their steel industries.


The most common desulfurizing reagents, lime, calcium carbide and magnesium – used alone or in combination – are injected into the hot metal through a lance. Over the years, basicl have been numerous operating developments designed to counteract this lining wear: Hot metal is liquid iron from the blast furnace saturated with up to 4.

In many shops residual slag is blown with nitrogen to coat the barrel and trunion areas of the vessel. S for scarfing, and welding. Bulk alloys are charged from overhead bins into the ladle.

Kaiser Oxgeno held the U. They are obtained by calcining the carbonate minerals, generally offsite in rotary kilns. Numerous processes for recycling the particulate are in use or under development. The penetration of slag and metal between the refractory grains, mechanical erosion by liquid movement, and chemical attack by slags all contribute to loss of lining material.

NTHM oxieno short ton or pounds of hot metal. Basic Oxygen Furnace Steelmaking. First they combine with SiO2 which is oxidized from the hot metal to form a “basic” slag that is fluid at steelmaking temperatures.

Blowing continues for a predetermined time based on the metallic charge chemistry and the melt specification.