Anaxagoras of Clazomenae was an important Presocratic natural The second theory of significance is Anaxagoras’ postulation of Mind (Nous) as the initiating. The most original aspect of Anaxagoras’s system was his doctrine of nous (“mind” or “reason”). The cosmos was formed by mind in two stages: first, by a. Nous: Nous, (Greek: “mind” or “intellect”) in philosophy, the faculty of intellectual fact, the counterpart of the nous (Mind) of Anaxagoras, another of Plato’s.
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Anaxagorasborn c. He was associated with the Athenian statesman Pericles. About Anaxagoras moved to Athensthen becoming the centre of Greek cultureand brought from Ionia the new practice of philosophy and the spirit of scientific inquiry.
The attack on him was intended as an indirect blow at Periclesand, although Pericles managed to save him, Anaxagoras was compelled to leave Athens. He spent his last years in retirement at Anaxagoars. The basic features, however, are clear. His cosmology grows out of anaxwgoras efforts of earlier Greek thinkers who had tried anaxagofas explain the physical universe by an assumption of a single fundamental element. Parmenideshowever, asserted that such an assumption could not account for movement and change, and, whereas Empedocles sought to resolve this difficulty by positing four basic ingredients, Anaxagoras posited an infinite number.
Unlike his predecessors, who had chosen such elements as heat or water as the basic substance, Anaxagoras included those found in living bodies, such as flesh, bone, bark, and leaf. Otherwise, he asked, how could flesh come from what is not flesh?
Anaxagoras | Greek philosopher |
He also accounted for biological changesin which substances appear under new manifestations: The cosmos was formed by mind in two stages: This stage took place by means of animal and plant seeds inherent in the original mixture. The growth of living things, according to Anaxagoras, depends on the power of mind within the organisms that enables them to extract nourishment from surrounding substances.
For this concept of mind, Anaxagoras was commended by Aristotle. Both Plato and Aristotle, however, objected that his notion of mind did not include a view that mind acts ethically—i. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it anazagoras for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
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Anaxagoras (c. 500—428 B.C.E.)
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Anaxagoras of Clazomenae c. In nuos beginning, all of these particles had existed in an even onus. The philosopher Anaxagorasone of the great dignitaries at Athens in the golden age of Pericles, approached the problem somewhat in the manner of Heracleitus.
Nous or Mind he held to be the principle of order for all things as well as the principle of their movement. More About Anaxagoras 7 references found in Britannica articles Assorted References contrast with materialists In materialism: Greek and Roman materialism contribution to Greek philosophy In Western philosophy: Pluralistic cosmologies influence on atomists In atomism: Atoms as lumpish corpuscles Pericles In Pericles: Background and education Plato In metaphysics: Forms theories on Nile River In Earth sciences: The origin of the Nile pantheism In pantheism: Anasagoras us improve this article!
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